Primary Documents:

TRADOC Pam 525-8-2, The Army Learning Concept for 2015

Other Documents of Interest.

Required References

TRADOC Operational Environment 2009-2025
TRADOC Pam 525-3-0, The Army Capstone Concept, Operational Adaptability: Operating Under Conditions of Uncertainty and Complexity in an Era of Persistent Conflict 2016-2028
TRADOC Pam 525-3-1, The U.S. Army Operating Concept 2016-2028

Related references

2010 Army Posture Statement, Army Culture and Foreign Language Strategy Information Paper. Retrieved from 2010/information_papers/Army_Culture_and_Foreign_Language_Strategy_(ACFLS).asp
2010 Quadrennial Defense Review Report, February 2010. Retrieved from
Bennett, S., Maton, K., & Kervin, L. (2008, September). The digital native debate: A critical review of the evidence.[Electronic version]. British Journal of Educational Technology, 39(5), 775-786. Available at

Bickley, W., Pleban, R., Diedrich, F. Sidman, J., Semmens, R., & Geyer, A. (2010, March). Army institutional training: Current status and future research. Army Research Institute Report 1921. Retrieved from
Burns, W. & Freeman, W. (2010, February). Developing more adaptable individuals and institutions. Institute for Defense Analysis. Alexandria, VA. Retrieved from
Caldwell, W. B. (2009, July 28). Statement on Army’s Professional Military Education. Commanding General, U.S. Army Combined Arms Center and Commandant, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College to Oversight & Investigations Subcommittee House Armed Services Committee, The United States House of Representatives. [Transcript of statement]. First Session, 111th Congress. Available from
Center for Army Leadership. (2009, November 25). A Leader Development Strategy for a 21st Century Army. Retrieved from:
Christensen, C. M. (1997). The innovator's dilemma: When new technologies cause great firms to fail. Boston Mass.: Harvard Business Press.
Clark, R. (2008, November). Building expertise: Cognitive methods for training and performance improvement (3rd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer.
DOD National Defense Strategy. Retrieved from

Fletcher, J. & Chatham, R. (2009, December 22). Measuring return on investment in training and human performance. P.E. O’Connor & J.V. Cohn (Eds), Human performance enhancements in high risk environments: Insights, developments, and future directions from military research (pp.106-128). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.
Howe, N. & Strauss, W. (2000, September). Millennials rising: The next great generation. New York: Vintage Books.
Howe, N. & Strauss, W. (2003) Millennials go to college: Strategies for a new generation on campus. Washington, DC: American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers and Life Course Associates.
Johnson, L., Levine, A., Smith, R., & Stone, S. (2010). The 2010 Horizon Report. [Report 7 in the New Media Consortium’s Horizon Project series] . Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium. Available at
Keller-Glaze, H., Riley, R., Steele, J., Harvey, J., Hatfield, J., & Bryson, J. (2010, April). 2009 Center for Army Leadership Annual Survey of Army Leadership: Main Findings. Center for Army Leadership Technical Report 2010-1. Available from (DTIC Online Access Controlled)
Kearsley, G. (2011, January 5). Andragogy (M. Knowles). The Theory Into Practice Database. Retrieved from
Khadaroo, S. (2009, May 7). Why do millions of Americans struggle with reading and writing?‖ The Christian Science Monitor. [Electronic version]. Available from USA/2009/0507/p02s01-usgn.html
King, A. (1993, Winter). From Sage on the Stage to Guide on the Side. College Teaching, 41(1). (Electronic version]. London, England: Taylor & Francis, Ltd., 30. Available from

Merrill, M. (2003). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology, Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59. Retrieved from
Reeves, T. (2008). Do generational differences matter in instructional design? Department of Educational Psychology and Instructional Technology. University of Georgia. Available from
Reiser, R. & Dempsey, J. (2007). Trends and issues in instructional design and technology, p. 17. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Scales, R. (2006, July). Clausewitz and World War IV. Armed Forces Journal. Retrieved on June 7, 2010 from
Straus, S., Shanley, M., Burns, R., Waite, A., & Crowley, J. Improving the Army's assessment of interactive multimedia instruction courseware. (Rand Arroyo Center Monograph). Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation. Available by permission at publications/permissions.html
Unified Quest 10 Leader Development seminar Panel Papers. Available by permission at
U.S. Department of Education. (2010, December 7). International Education Rankings Suggest Reform Can Lift U.S. [Report on Secretary Arne Duncan's remarks at Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development release of the Program for International Student Assessment 2009 results]. Retrieved from
U.S. Department of Education. (2010, March 5). Transforming American education: Learning powered by technology. Office of Educational Technology National Educational Technology Plan 2010, p. v. Retrieved from
Vockell, E. (n.d.). What Specific Strategies Enhance Learning? In E. Vockell Educational psychology: A practical approach (chapter 2). Retrieved from
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